The infielder's status for the remainder of the season had been in question after he injured his right hand punching a locker on Sunday following a game with Triple-A Durham.
According to the Rays, the hand will not require surgery. He will miss a few weeks, but he is not out for the season.
"It's still unfortunate, because we needed him earlier than that," manager Joe Maddon said.
Rodriguez was sent down last week to make room on the roster after Luke Scott returned from the disabled list. Rodriguez would have been recalled on Saturday, when the Rays expand their roster.
"He was going to be playing in Toronto. We thought we had it all set up. He was going to be down for a couple of days and work on some things and come back and play, so that's very unfortunate for us and him," Maddon said.
Maddon has texted with Rodriguez.
"He was very contrite," Maddon said. "Obviously, he was upset about his actions -- how inappropriate they were. He's always been [accountable]. You just can't do stuff like that. It upsets the rhythm of what we're doing and what he's doing. Of course, a regular injury is another story. A self-inflicted wound is different."